Abba Father

People living under the sinful elements of the world (v3), and those living under the law (v5), were in a spiritually juvenile state of existence in relation to God. Then, at the time appointed. God sent forth His Son to redeem the human race from that premature state of existence, that we might receive by Christ the privilege of being adopted as God’s children Jesus, John, and Peter speak of our being born again into God’s family, becoming His children. Yet Paul prefers sharing this process as adoption This might be explained by the fact that Paul was a Roman citizen, and under Roman law, an adopted child had more rights than a biological child. Roman rulers frequently adopted sons to become their heirs, thus excluding their biological sons from becoming their heirs. 

It provides us with an interesting thought. The whole New Testament affirms that we who believe in Christ as our Savior and Lord are children and heirs of God. Near the beginning of his Gospel account, John wrote concerning Jesus, John 1:12~But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, (ESV). I find this thought of adoption very intriguing. Because by faith we are children of God. In Christ, we have an inward, spiritual witness of this adoption. God’s sent His Spirit to bear witness of Jesus Christ in our hearts. Galatians 4:6~And because we are his children, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, prompting us to call out, “Abba, Father.” (ESV)

Saints what a beautiful depiction Abba and Aramaic word for Father, equivalent to our English word Dad, it signifies an intimate, personal relationship with God, who is our Father and how do we have this relationship by Grace through faith. Galatians 4:7~So you are no longer a slave, but God’s child; and since you are his child, God has made you also an heir. (NIV) As believers in Jesus Christ, everything we are, everything we have, everything we will be given is by Christ, in Christ, and through Jesus Christ. We are nothing, have nothing, and will be nothing without Jesus Christ. But with Christ as our Savior and Lord, we are heirs of God, and all things are ours. According to the promise God made to Abraham, we become heirs of God by faith in Christ. What a blessing we’ve been given. The Season of Grace: Promised, Fulfilled, Received. 

He is faithful

Therefore, the law coming long after the covenant was already established could not change nor cancel the promise God made to Abraham. Galatians 3:17 Thus, the promise is not obtained by our keeping the law i.e. legalism. If it were possible to earn the promise, it would be no more of promise, therefore is a gift of grace (v18). Seeing the promise both preceded and supersedes the law, why then was the law even given? That is a good question. What purpose does the law serve? The Law was given to expose human sinfulness, revealing our need for salvation from sin. Galatians 3:19~ (ESV) Galatians 3:22~But the Scripture imprisoned everything under sin so that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe. The law could not, it cannot save us (v21).

The law informs us of what is right and wrong, reveals we’ve sinned, and our great need to be saved from sin. Therefore, we need the Savior from sin who is Jesus the Messiah. Enter the Season of Grace: Promised, Fulfilled.

Grace: Fulfilled in Christ Galatians 3:26-4:7. In Bible times, Israelites (the Jews) regarded themselves as children of God because they were the biological descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Paul said all for in Christ Jesus you are all sons of God, through faith. Galatians 3:26~ (ESV) By faith in Christ, all people (both Jews and Gentiles) are the children of God, and the ethnic, social, and gender differences that can breed hostility and separation between sinful people, are no longer effective for those who have put on Christ Galatians 3:27~(ESV) We are one in Christ Jesus (v28) and belong to Christ (v. 29), we are Abraham’s seed. Therefore, we are heirs of God according to the promise made to Abraham. That means Christ Jesus has fulfilled the promise and blessing flows to us because of Jesus Christ.

When the Bible says that we who believe in Christ are heirs of God, this means God is our Father, we are His children, we belong to His household (His family), and we have all the privileges that come with being a child of God by faith in Christ. To be an heir of God by faith in Christ is infinitely better than anything Satan or the world has to offer. In Galatians 4:1-5, Paul uses an illustration, about a child becoming the heir of his father’s estate. This is an analogy of our becoming heirs of God by faith in Christ. Like the child waiting to reach the legal age to become the heir of his father’s estate, the human race waited to become heirs of God (v1-3).

Justified by faith

Here is the problem with the Law. Deuteronomy 27:26~”Cursed is anyone who does not uphold the words of this law by carrying them out.” Then all the people shall say, “Amen!” (NIV) It’s not in our ability to maintain all 613 laws. Jeremiah 11:3~Say to them, ‘This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: Cursed is anyone who does not obey the terms of my covenant! (NLT) How then can we be blessed? Galatians 3:10-11~ Now it is evident that no one is justified before God by the law, for “The righteous shall live by faith.” But the law is not of faith, rather “The one who does them shall live by them.” (ESV) Hear me it is impossible to be justified or made right with God by obeying the law of Moses. The law requires perfect obedience, and no one perfectly obeys the law. As sinners, we are under the condemnation or the curse verse 10 of our sins. 

Justification comes by faith (verse 11 says) and legalism is not of faith (v12), because it is the attempt to earn a right standing with God. If we do this we remain under the condemnation of our sins, also called the curse of the law (v13). However, Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law by being made a curse for us by His death on the cross for our sins. The blessing Christ bestows on us when we put our trust in him to save us is the blessing of Abraham. Galatians 3:14 This now is extended to Gentiles, which is to say you and me. Paul emphasized the blessing of Abraham being extended to the Gentiles through Jesus Christ the Messiah because it was a foregone conclusion that Jews were to be the recipients of the blessing of Abraham through the Messiah. 

The blessing God pronounced on Abraham in Genesis 12:2-3 implies all the blessings of salvation that would come for all people by Messiah This promise of salvation was made first to Abraham, then his Jewish descendants, to Jesus, and is now made to all humanity in Jesus Christ. To show the unchanging nature of God’s promise to Abraham, the apostle Paul began in Galatians 3 by citing, by custom and civil law, the terms of a covenant which is a legal agreement once affirmed by the parties to the covenant, cannot be changed by individuals who are not parties to the covenant Galatians 3:15~ (ESV). 

He then applies this principle to the covenant God made with Abraham. By covenant or legal agreement with Abraham, God promised his seed Galatians 3:16~(ESV), It was through Abraham all families of the earth would be blessed. The covenant that begins in Genesis 12 is later renewed in Genesis 18:18; 22:18. The fulfillment of the covenant is found in Jesus Christ.